- Store your jewellery in a clean, dry place
- Don't jumble pieces together as they can scratch each other and cause chipping
- Keep them stored in separate boxes or in pieces of tissue paper
- See your jeweller at least once a year in order to have all your jewellery professionally cleaned and checked for general wear and tear.
Gold has many qualities and has been used in jewellery for over six thousand years. Gold is a "noble metal" - which means it will not tarnish, corrode or rust and most acids will not harm it - except in the most unusual of situations. (Sometimes perfumes and perspiration can discolour the other metals gold is mixed with).
It is a wonderful metal to work - it can be drawn into fine wire, flattened or bent into shape. It can be highly reflective or matt finished making it an ideal metal to create exquisite, beautiful and fine jewellery.
Pure Gold is 24 carats, yellow in colour and very soft so is mixed with other metals to give it strength and make is suitable for making jewellery.
White gold is very popular and is created by mixing gold with other metals and then enhanced by rhodium plating, which gives a hard, white and highly reflective finish. The rhodium plating on white gold will eventually wear and it is advised that these items are periodically re-rhodium plated.
- Remove all gold jewellery before showering. Soap can cause a film to form on the pieces making them appear dull.
- Be careful of chlorine. Chlorine can permanently damage or discolour your gold jewellery.
- To remove tarnish from your jewellery, you can use a jewellery cleaner, or by using soap and water mixed with a few drops of ammonia. Carefully brush with a soft bristle brush. A soft toothbrush can also be used.
- The delicate nature of pearls makes them particularly susceptible to damage.
- Apply cosmetics, hair sprays and perfume before putting on any pearl jewellery. When you remove your pearl jewellery wipe it carefully with a soft cloth to remove any traces of these substances.
- Keep your pearl jewellery separate as its surface is soft and can be scratched by hard metal edges or by gemstones of other pieces.
- Diamonds may be the hardest substance known to man, but they can still be damaged or dulled.
- Don't wear your diamonds when doing rough work. Even though a diamond is durable, it can be chipped by a hard blow.
- Don't let your diamond come in contact with chlorine bleach or other chemicals, as they can discolour the mounting.
- To clean, prepare a small bowl of warm suds with any mild liquid detergent. Brush pieces gently while they are still in the suds. Transfer to a wire strainer and rinse under warm running water.
- You can also soak your diamond jewellery for 30 minutes in a mixture of half ammonia and water.
Silver is a relatively light metal making it practical to use and comfortable to wear. Silver is the most reflective of all metals. Silver is an ideal metal to produce exquisite and stunningly beautiful jewellery.
Silver fineness is expressed as parts per thousand and is normally alloyed with copper to make it stronger and harder. There are four legal standards of silver in the UK with 925, Sterling Silver, being used mainly for jewellery and 958, Britannia Silver, being mostly used for ceremonial items.
Keeping Silver Bright:
Silver naturally tarnishes due to sulphur dioxide in the atmosphere reacting with the surface of the metal. This can be easily cleaned with a liquid cleaner or cloth available from jewellery stores.